As a consequence, much research has focused on the response of low and vertical clouds to a changing climate. All of these effects are subtly dependent on the vertical temperature and moisture structure of the atmosphere and result in major redistribution of heat that affect the Earth's climate. However, due to their different temperature characteristics, they are often composed of other substances such as methane, ammonia, and sulfuric acid, as well as water. This tends to produce the coldest temperatures in the entire atmosphere just below the mesopause. Clouds of this structure have both cumuliform and stratiform characteristics in the form of rolls, ripples, or elements. , One group of supplementary features are not actual cloud formations, but precipitation that falls when water droplets or ice crystals that make up visible clouds have grown too heavy to remain aloft. However, if … Despite some differences in nomenclature, the classification schemes seen in this article can be combined by using an informal cross-classification of physical forms and altitude levels to derive the 10 tropospheric genera, the fog and mist that forms at surface level, and several additional major types above the troposphere. , With highly unstable atmospheric conditions, large cumulus may continue to grow into even more strongly convective cumulonimbus calvus (essentially a very tall congestus cloud that produces thunder), then ultimately into the species capillatus when supercooled water droplets at the top of the cloud turn into ice crystals giving it a cirriform appearance. , Distribution in the mesosphere is similar to the stratosphere except at much higher altitudes. Weather Inspired Baby Names For Girls: 1.Alizeh: Alizeh is a beautiful Persian name, meaning 'wind.  Measurements by NASA indicate that on the whole, the effects of low and mid-level clouds that tend to promote cooling outweigh the warming effects of high layers and the variable outcomes associated with vertically developed clouds. , Cloud watching or cloud gazing is a popular children's activity involving watching the clouds and looking for shapes in them, a form of pareidolia.  Genus types in this level either have no prefix or carry one that refers to a characteristic other than altitude. Silvagenitus (Latin for 'forest-made') is a stratus cloud that forms as water vapor is added to the air above a forest canopy.. In some places on the northern temperate zone the cold air front tends to come from the north west and the warm air front comes from the south west.. Collection. When fog forms at high levels it creates a cloud called stratus. The best-known is cumulonimbus with mammatus, but the mamma feature is also seen occasionally with cirrus, cirrocumulus, altocumulus, altostratus, and stratocumulus.  As a sign of the popularity of the naming scheme, German dramatist and poet Johann Wolfgang von Goethe composed four poems about clouds, dedicating them to Howard. In a warmer climate more water would enter the atmosphere by evaporation at the surface; as clouds are formed from water vapor, cloudiness would be expected to increase. , In the ancient Greek comedy The Clouds, written by Aristophanes and first performed at the City Dionysia in 423 BC, the philosopher Socrates declares that the Clouds are the only true deities and tells the main character Strepsiades not to worship any deities other than the Clouds, but to pay homage to them alone. Learn about wind and weather with this Clouds and Rain Weather Windsock Craft. On the one hand, white cloud tops promote cooling of Earth's surface by reflecting shortwave radiation (visible and near infrared) from the sun, diminishing the amount of solar radiation that is absorbed at the surface, enhancing the Earth's albedo.  As the air is cooled to its dew point and becomes saturated, water vapor normally condenses to form cloud drops. These shape-less clouds often blanket the entire sky making for a gloomy day. This can lead to downward motion because lifting of the air results in cooling that increases its density. When the drops become so heavy that the winds inside the cloud cannot keep them up any more, they fall from the cloud as rain or hail. Nimbostratus are a sign of steady moderate to heavy rain or snow that can last for several days on end. The full technical name of a cloud in this configuration would be altocumulus stratiformis radiatus perlucidus, which would identify respectively its genus, species, and two combined varieties.  They are the product of localized but generally free-convective lift where no inversion layers are in the troposphere to limit vertical growth.  Nimbostratus normally forms from mid-level altostratus, and develops at least moderate vertical extent when the base subsides into the low level during precipitation that can reach moderate to heavy intensity. By this process of accumulation, the space between droplets becomes increasingly larger, permitting light to penetrate farther into the cloud.  Type II bands are long streaks that often occur in groups arranged roughly parallel to each other.  This normally occurs with altostratus opacus, which can produce widespread but usually light precipitation, and with thicker clouds that show significant vertical development. Sightings are rare more than 45 degrees south of the north pole or north of the south pole. The story was previously dramatized in the KBS2 drama Wind, Clouds, and Rain (1989). These clouds grow and eventually create rain.  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